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macpath.py

00001 """Pathname and path-related operations for the Macintosh."""

import os
from stat import *

__all__ = ["normcase","isabs","join","splitdrive","split","splitext",
           "basename","dirname","commonprefix","getsize","getmtime",
           "getatime","islink","exists","isdir","isfile",
           "walk","expanduser","expandvars","normpath","abspath"]

# Normalize the case of a pathname.  Dummy in Posix, but <s>.lower() here.

def normcase(path):
    return path.lower()


00017 def isabs(s):
    """Return true if a path is absolute.
    On the Mac, relative paths begin with a colon,
    but as a special case, paths with no colons at all are also relative.
    Anything else is absolute (the string up to the first colon is the
    volume name)."""

    return ':' in s and s[0] != ':'


def join(s, *p):
    path = s
    for t in p:
        if (not s) or isabs(t):
            path = t
            continue
        if t[:1] == ':':
            t = t[1:]
        if ':' not in path:
            path = ':' + path
        if path[-1:] != ':':
            path = path + ':'
        path = path + t
    return path


00043 def split(s):
    """Split a pathname into two parts: the directory leading up to the final
    bit, and the basename (the filename, without colons, in that directory).
    The result (s, t) is such that join(s, t) yields the original argument."""

    if ':' not in s: return '', s
    colon = 0
    for i in range(len(s)):
        if s[i] == ':': colon = i + 1
    path, file = s[:colon-1], s[colon:]
    if path and not ':' in path:
        path = path + ':'
    return path, file


00058 def splitext(p):
    """Split a path into root and extension.
    The extension is everything starting at the last dot in the last
    pathname component; the root is everything before that.
    It is always true that root + ext == p."""

    root, ext = '', ''
    for c in p:
        if c == ':':
            root, ext = root + ext + c, ''
        elif c == '.':
            if ext:
                root, ext = root + ext, c
            else:
                ext = c
        elif ext:
            ext = ext + c
        else:
            root = root + c
    return root, ext


00080 def splitdrive(p):
    """Split a pathname into a drive specification and the rest of the
    path.  Useful on DOS/Windows/NT; on the Mac, the drive is always
    empty (don't use the volume name -- it doesn't have the same
    syntactic and semantic oddities as DOS drive letters, such as there
    being a separate current directory per drive)."""

    return '', p


# Short interfaces to split()

def dirname(s): return split(s)[0]
def basename(s): return split(s)[1]


00096 def isdir(s):
    """Return true if the pathname refers to an existing directory."""

    try:
        st = os.stat(s)
    except os.error:
        return 0
    return S_ISDIR(st[ST_MODE])


# Get size, mtime, atime of files.

00108 def getsize(filename):
    """Return the size of a file, reported by os.stat()."""
    st = os.stat(filename)
    return st[ST_SIZE]

00113 def getmtime(filename):
    """Return the last modification time of a file, reported by os.stat()."""
    st = os.stat(filename)
    return st[ST_MTIME]

00118 def getatime(filename):
    """Return the last access time of a file, reported by os.stat()."""
    st = os.stat(filename)
    return st[ST_ATIME]


00124 def islink(s):
    """Return true if the pathname refers to a symbolic link.
    Always false on the Mac, until we understand Aliases.)"""

    return 0


00131 def isfile(s):
    """Return true if the pathname refers to an existing regular file."""

    try:
        st = os.stat(s)
    except os.error:
        return 0
    return S_ISREG(st[ST_MODE])


00141 def exists(s):
    """Return true if the pathname refers to an existing file or directory."""

    try:
        st = os.stat(s)
    except os.error:
        return 0
    return 1

# Return the longest prefix of all list elements.

def commonprefix(m):
    "Given a list of pathnames, returns the longest common leading component"
    if not m: return ''
    prefix = m[0]
    for item in m:
        for i in range(len(prefix)):
            if prefix[:i+1] != item[:i+1]:
                prefix = prefix[:i]
                if i == 0: return ''
                break
    return prefix

00164 def expandvars(path):
    """Dummy to retain interface-compatibility with other operating systems."""
    return path


00169 def expanduser(path):
    """Dummy to retain interface-compatibility with other operating systems."""
    return path

norm_error = 'macpath.norm_error: path cannot be normalized'

00175 def normpath(s):
    """Normalize a pathname.  Will return the same result for
    equivalent paths."""

    if ":" not in s:
        return ":"+s

    comps = s.split(":")
    i = 1
    while i < len(comps)-1:
        if comps[i] == "" and comps[i-1] != "":
            if i > 1:
                del comps[i-1:i+1]
                i = i - 1
            else:
                # best way to handle this is to raise an exception
                raise norm_error, 'Cannot use :: immediately after volume name'
        else:
            i = i + 1

    s = ":".join(comps)

    # remove trailing ":" except for ":" and "Volume:"
    if s[-1] == ":" and len(comps) > 2 and s != ":"*len(s):
        s = s[:-1]
    return s


00203 def walk(top, func, arg):
    """Directory tree walk with callback function.

    For each directory in the directory tree rooted at top (including top
    itself, but excluding '.' and '..'), call func(arg, dirname, fnames).
    dirname is the name of the directory, and fnames a list of the names of
    the files and subdirectories in dirname (excluding '.' and '..').  func
    may modify the fnames list in-place (e.g. via del or slice assignment),
    and walk will only recurse into the subdirectories whose names remain in
    fnames; this can be used to implement a filter, or to impose a specific
    order of visiting.  No semantics are defined for, or required of, arg,
    beyond that arg is always passed to func.  It can be used, e.g., to pass
    a filename pattern, or a mutable object designed to accumulate
    statistics.  Passing None for arg is common."""

    try:
        names = os.listdir(top)
    except os.error:
        return
    func(arg, top, names)
    for name in names:
        name = join(top, name)
        if isdir(name):
            walk(name, func, arg)


00229 def abspath(path):
    """Return an absolute path."""
    if not isabs(path):
        path = join(os.getcwd(), path)
    return normpath(path)

# realpath is a no-op on systems without islink support
realpath = abspath

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