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ntpath.py

# Module 'ntpath' -- common operations on WinNT/Win95 pathnames
"""Common pathname manipulations, WindowsNT/95 version.

Instead of importing this module directly, import os and refer to this
module as os.path.
"""

import os
import stat

__all__ = ["normcase","isabs","join","splitdrive","split","splitext",
           "basename","dirname","commonprefix","getsize","getmtime",
           "getatime","islink","exists","isdir","isfile","ismount",
           "walk","expanduser","expandvars","normpath","abspath","splitunc"]

# Normalize the case of a pathname and map slashes to backslashes.
# Other normalizations (such as optimizing '../' away) are not done
# (this is done by normpath).

def normcase(s):
    """Normalize case of pathname.

    Makes all characters lowercase and all slashes into backslashes."""
    return s.replace("/", "\\").lower()


# Return whether a path is absolute.
# Trivial in Posix, harder on the Mac or MS-DOS.
# For DOS it is absolute if it starts with a slash or backslash (current
# volume), or if a pathname after the volume letter and colon / UNC resource
# starts with a slash or backslash.

def isabs(s):
    """Test whether a path is absolute"""
    s = splitdrive(s)[1]
    return s != '' and s[:1] in '/\\'


# Join two (or more) paths.

def join(a, *p):
    """Join two or more pathname components, inserting "\\" as needed"""
    path = a
    for b in p:
        b_wins = 0  # set to 1 iff b makes path irrelevant
        if path == "":
            b_wins = 1

        elif isabs(b):
            # This probably wipes out path so far.  However, it's more
            # complicated if path begins with a drive letter:
            #     1. join('c:', '/a') == 'c:/a'
            #     2. join('c:/', '/a') == 'c:/a'
            # But
            #     3. join('c:/a', '/b') == '/b'
            #     4. join('c:', 'd:/') = 'd:/'
            #     5. join('c:/', 'd:/') = 'd:/'
            if path[1:2] != ":" or b[1:2] == ":":
                # Path doesn't start with a drive letter, or cases 4 and 5.
                b_wins = 1

            # Else path has a drive letter, and b doesn't but is absolute.
            elif len(path) > 3 or (len(path) == 3 and
                                   path[-1] not in "/\\"):
                # case 3
                b_wins = 1

        if b_wins:
            path = b
        else:
            # Join, and ensure there's a separator.
            assert len(path) > 0
            if path[-1] in "/\\":
                if b and b[0] in "/\\":
                    path += b[1:]
                else:
                    path += b
            elif path[-1] == ":":
                path += b
            elif b:
                if b[0] in "/\\":
                    path += b
                else:
                    path += "\\" + b
            else:
                # path is not empty and does not end with a backslash,
                # but b is empty; since, e.g., split('a/') produces
                # ('a', ''), it's best if join() adds a backslash in
                # this case.
                path += '\\'

    return path


# Split a path in a drive specification (a drive letter followed by a
# colon) and the path specification.
# It is always true that drivespec + pathspec == p
def splitdrive(p):
    """Split a pathname into drive and path specifiers. Returns a 2-tuple
"(drive,path)";  either part may be empty"""
    if p[1:2] == ':':
        return p[0:2], p[2:]
    return '', p


# Parse UNC paths
def splitunc(p):
    """Split a pathname into UNC mount point and relative path specifiers.

    Return a 2-tuple (unc, rest); either part may be empty.
    If unc is not empty, it has the form '//host/mount' (or similar
    using backslashes).  unc+rest is always the input path.
    Paths containing drive letters never have an UNC part.
    """
    if p[1:2] == ':':
        return '', p # Drive letter present
    firstTwo = p[0:2]
    if firstTwo == '//' or firstTwo == '\\\\':
        # is a UNC path:
        # vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv equivalent to drive letter
        # \\machine\mountpoint\directories...
        #           directory ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
        normp = normcase(p)
        index = normp.find('\\', 2)
        if index == -1:
            ##raise RuntimeError, 'illegal UNC path: "' + p + '"'
            return ("", p)
        index = normp.find('\\', index + 1)
        if index == -1:
            index = len(p)
        return p[:index], p[index:]
    return '', p


# Split a path in head (everything up to the last '/') and tail (the
# rest).  After the trailing '/' is stripped, the invariant
# join(head, tail) == p holds.
# The resulting head won't end in '/' unless it is the root.

def split(p):
    """Split a pathname.

    Return tuple (head, tail) where tail is everything after the final slash.
    Either part may be empty."""

    d, p = splitdrive(p)
    # set i to index beyond p's last slash
    i = len(p)
    while i and p[i-1] not in '/\\':
        i = i - 1
    head, tail = p[:i], p[i:]  # now tail has no slashes
    # remove trailing slashes from head, unless it's all slashes
    head2 = head
    while head2 and head2[-1] in '/\\':
        head2 = head2[:-1]
    head = head2 or head
    return d + head, tail


# Split a path in root and extension.
# The extension is everything starting at the last dot in the last
# pathname component; the root is everything before that.
# It is always true that root + ext == p.

def splitext(p):
    """Split the extension from a pathname.

    Extension is everything from the last dot to the end.
    Return (root, ext), either part may be empty."""
    root, ext = '', ''
    for c in p:
        if c in ['/','\\']:
            root, ext = root + ext + c, ''
        elif c == '.':
            if ext:
                root, ext = root + ext, c
            else:
                ext = c
        elif ext:
            ext = ext + c
        else:
            root = root + c
    return root, ext


# Return the tail (basename) part of a path.

def basename(p):
    """Returns the final component of a pathname"""
    return split(p)[1]


# Return the head (dirname) part of a path.

def dirname(p):
    """Returns the directory component of a pathname"""
    return split(p)[0]


# Return the longest prefix of all list elements.

def commonprefix(m):
    "Given a list of pathnames, returns the longest common leading component"
    if not m: return ''
    prefix = m[0]
    for item in m:
        for i in range(len(prefix)):
            if prefix[:i+1] != item[:i+1]:
                prefix = prefix[:i]
                if i == 0: return ''
                break
    return prefix


# Get size, mtime, atime of files.

def getsize(filename):
    """Return the size of a file, reported by os.stat()"""
    st = os.stat(filename)
    return st[stat.ST_SIZE]

def getmtime(filename):
    """Return the last modification time of a file, reported by os.stat()"""
    st = os.stat(filename)
    return st[stat.ST_MTIME]

def getatime(filename):
    """Return the last access time of a file, reported by os.stat()"""
    st = os.stat(filename)
    return st[stat.ST_ATIME]


# Is a path a symbolic link?
# This will always return false on systems where posix.lstat doesn't exist.

def islink(path):
    """Test for symbolic link.  On WindowsNT/95 always returns false"""
    return 0


# Does a path exist?
# This is false for dangling symbolic links.

def exists(path):
    """Test whether a path exists"""
    try:
        st = os.stat(path)
    except os.error:
        return 0
    return 1


# Is a path a dos directory?
# This follows symbolic links, so both islink() and isdir() can be true
# for the same path.

def isdir(path):
    """Test whether a path is a directory"""
    try:
        st = os.stat(path)
    except os.error:
        return 0
    return stat.S_ISDIR(st[stat.ST_MODE])


# Is a path a regular file?
# This follows symbolic links, so both islink() and isdir() can be true
# for the same path.

def isfile(path):
    """Test whether a path is a regular file"""
    try:
        st = os.stat(path)
    except os.error:
        return 0
    return stat.S_ISREG(st[stat.ST_MODE])


# Is a path a mount point?  Either a root (with or without drive letter)
# or an UNC path with at most a / or \ after the mount point.

def ismount(path):
    """Test whether a path is a mount point (defined as root of drive)"""
    unc, rest = splitunc(path)
    if unc:
        return rest in ("", "/", "\\")
    p = splitdrive(path)[1]
    return len(p) == 1 and p[0] in '/\\'


# Directory tree walk.
# For each directory under top (including top itself, but excluding
# '.' and '..'), func(arg, dirname, filenames) is called, where
# dirname is the name of the directory and filenames is the list
# files files (and subdirectories etc.) in the directory.
# The func may modify the filenames list, to implement a filter,
# or to impose a different order of visiting.

def walk(top, func, arg):
    """Directory tree walk with callback function.

    For each directory in the directory tree rooted at top (including top
    itself, but excluding '.' and '..'), call func(arg, dirname, fnames).
    dirname is the name of the directory, and fnames a list of the names of
    the files and subdirectories in dirname (excluding '.' and '..').  func
    may modify the fnames list in-place (e.g. via del or slice assignment),
    and walk will only recurse into the subdirectories whose names remain in
    fnames; this can be used to implement a filter, or to impose a specific
    order of visiting.  No semantics are defined for, or required of, arg,
    beyond that arg is always passed to func.  It can be used, e.g., to pass
    a filename pattern, or a mutable object designed to accumulate
    statistics.  Passing None for arg is common."""

    try:
        names = os.listdir(top)
    except os.error:
        return
    func(arg, top, names)
    exceptions = ('.', '..')
    for name in names:
        if name not in exceptions:
            name = join(top, name)
            if isdir(name):
                walk(name, func, arg)


# Expand paths beginning with '~' or '~user'.
# '~' means $HOME; '~user' means that user's home directory.
# If the path doesn't begin with '~', or if the user or $HOME is unknown,
# the path is returned unchanged (leaving error reporting to whatever
# function is called with the expanded path as argument).
# See also module 'glob' for expansion of *, ? and [...] in pathnames.
# (A function should also be defined to do full *sh-style environment
# variable expansion.)

def expanduser(path):
    """Expand ~ and ~user constructs.

    If user or $HOME is unknown, do nothing."""
    if path[:1] != '~':
        return path
    i, n = 1, len(path)
    while i < n and path[i] not in '/\\':
        i = i + 1
    if i == 1:
        if os.environ.has_key('HOME'):
            userhome = os.environ['HOME']
        elif not os.environ.has_key('HOMEPATH'):
            return path
        else:
            try:
                drive = os.environ['HOMEDRIVE']
            except KeyError:
                drive = ''
            userhome = join(drive, os.environ['HOMEPATH'])
    else:
        return path
    return userhome + path[i:]


# Expand paths containing shell variable substitutions.
# The following rules apply:
#       - no expansion within single quotes
#       - no escape character, except for '$$' which is translated into '$'
#       - ${varname} is accepted.
#       - varnames can be made out of letters, digits and the character '_'
# XXX With COMMAND.COM you can use any characters in a variable name,
# XXX except '^|<>='.

def expandvars(path):
    """Expand shell variables of form $var and ${var}.

    Unknown variables are left unchanged."""
    if '$' not in path:
        return path
    import string
    varchars = string.ascii_letters + string.digits + '_-'
    res = ''
    index = 0
    pathlen = len(path)
    while index < pathlen:
        c = path[index]
        if c == '\'':   # no expansion within single quotes
            path = path[index + 1:]
            pathlen = len(path)
            try:
                index = path.index('\'')
                res = res + '\'' + path[:index + 1]
            except ValueError:
                res = res + path
                index = pathlen - 1
        elif c == '$':  # variable or '$$'
            if path[index + 1:index + 2] == '$':
                res = res + c
                index = index + 1
            elif path[index + 1:index + 2] == '{':
                path = path[index+2:]
                pathlen = len(path)
                try:
                    index = path.index('}')
                    var = path[:index]
                    if os.environ.has_key(var):
                        res = res + os.environ[var]
                except ValueError:
                    res = res + path
                    index = pathlen - 1
            else:
                var = ''
                index = index + 1
                c = path[index:index + 1]
                while c != '' and c in varchars:
                    var = var + c
                    index = index + 1
                    c = path[index:index + 1]
                if os.environ.has_key(var):
                    res = res + os.environ[var]
                if c != '':
                    res = res + c
        else:
            res = res + c
        index = index + 1
    return res


# Normalize a path, e.g. A//B, A/./B and A/foo/../B all become A\B.
# Previously, this function also truncated pathnames to 8+3 format,
# but as this module is called "ntpath", that's obviously wrong!

def normpath(path):
    """Normalize path, eliminating double slashes, etc."""
    path = path.replace("/", "\\")
    prefix, path = splitdrive(path)
    while path[:1] == "\\":
        prefix = prefix + "\\"
        path = path[1:]
    comps = path.split("\\")
    i = 0
    while i < len(comps):
        if comps[i] in ('.', ''):
            del comps[i]
        elif comps[i] == '..':
            if i > 0 and comps[i-1] != '..':
                del comps[i-1:i+1]
                i -= 1
            elif i == 0 and prefix.endswith("\\"):
                del comps[i]
            else:
                i += 1
        else:
            i += 1
    # If the path is now empty, substitute '.'
    if not prefix and not comps:
        comps.append('.')
    return prefix + "\\".join(comps)


# Return an absolute path.
def abspath(path):
    """Return the absolute version of a path"""
    if path: # Empty path must return current working directory.
        from nt import _getfullpathname
        try:
            path = _getfullpathname(path)
        except WindowsError:
            pass # Bad path - return unchanged.
    else:
        path = os.getcwd()
    return normpath(path)

# realpath is a no-op on systems without islink support
realpath = abspath

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