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00001 """Interfaces for launching and remotely controlling Web browsers."""

import os
import sys

__all__ = ["Error", "open", "get", "register"]

class Error(Exception):

_browsers = {}          # Dictionary of available browser controllers
_tryorder = []          # Preference order of available browsers

00014 def register(name, klass, instance=None):
    """Register a browser connector and, optionally, connection."""
    _browsers[name.lower()] = [klass, instance]

00018 def get(using=None):
    """Return a browser launcher instance appropriate for the environment."""
    if using:
        alternatives = [using]
        alternatives = _tryorder
    for browser in alternatives:
        if browser.find('%s') > -1:
            # User gave us a command line, don't mess with it.
            return GenericBrowser(browser)
            # User gave us a browser name.
                command = _browsers[browser.lower()]
            except KeyError:
                command = _synthesize(browser)
            if command[1] is None:
                return command[0]()
                return command[1]
    raise Error("could not locate runnable browser")

# Please note: the following definition hides a builtin function.

def open(url, new=0, autoraise=1):
    get().open(url, new, autoraise)

def open_new(url):
    get().open(url, 1)

00049 def _synthesize(browser):
    """Attempt to synthesize a controller base on existing controllers.

    This is useful to create a controller when a user specifies a path to
    an entry in the BROWSER environment variable -- we can copy a general
    controller to operate using a specific installation of the desired
    browser in this way.

    If we can't create a controller in this way, or if there is no
    executable for the requested browser, return [None, None].

    if not os.path.exists(browser):
        return [None, None]
    name = os.path.basename(browser)
        command = _browsers[name.lower()]
    except KeyError:
        return [None, None]
    # now attempt to clone to fit the new name:
    controller = command[1]
    if controller and name.lower() == controller.basename:
        import copy
        controller = copy.copy(controller)
        controller.name = browser
        controller.basename = os.path.basename(browser)
        register(browser, None, controller)
        return [None, controller]
    return [None, None]

00080 def _iscommand(cmd):
    """Return true if cmd can be found on the executable search path."""
    path = os.environ.get("PATH")
    if not path:
        return 0
    for d in path.split(os.pathsep):
        exe = os.path.join(d, cmd)
        if os.path.isfile(exe):
            return 1
    return 0


class GenericBrowser:
    def __init__(self, cmd):
        self.name, self.args = cmd.split(None, 1)
        self.basename = os.path.basename(self.name)

    def open(self, url, new=0, autoraise=1):
        assert "'" not in url
        command = "%s %s" % (self.name, self.args)
        os.system(command % url)

    def open_new(self, url):

class Netscape:
    "Launcher class for Netscape browsers."
    def __init__(self, name):
        self.name = name
        self.basename = os.path.basename(name)

    def _remote(self, action, autoraise):
        raise_opt = ("-noraise", "-raise")[autoraise]
        cmd = "%s %s -remote '%s' >/dev/null 2>&1" % (self.name,
        rc = os.system(cmd)
        if rc:
            import time
            os.system("%s &" % self.name)
            rc = os.system(cmd)
        return not rc

    def open(self, url, new=0, autoraise=1):
        if new:
            self._remote("openURL(%s, new-window)"%url, autoraise)
            self._remote("openURL(%s)" % url, autoraise)

    def open_new(self, url):
        self.open(url, 1)

00138 class Konqueror:
    """Controller for the KDE File Manager (kfm, or Konqueror).

    See http://developer.kde.org/documentation/other/kfmclient.html
    for more information on the Konqueror remote-control interface.

    def __init__(self):
        if _iscommand("konqueror"):
            self.name = self.basename = "konqueror"
            self.name = self.basename = "kfm"

    def _remote(self, action):
        assert "'" not in action
        cmd = "kfmclient '%s' >/dev/null 2>&1" % action
        rc = os.system(cmd)
        if rc:
            import time
            if self.basename == "konqueror":
                os.system(self.name + " --silent &")
                os.system(self.name + " -d &")
            rc = os.system(cmd)
        return not rc

    def open(self, url, new=1, autoraise=1):
        # XXX Currently I know no way to prevent KFM from
        # opening a new win.
        self._remote("openURL '%s'" % url)

    open_new = open

class Grail:
    # There should be a way to maintain a connection to Grail, but the
    # Grail remote control protocol doesn't really allow that at this
    # point.  It probably neverwill!
    def _find_grail_rc(self):
        import glob
        import pwd
        import socket
        import tempfile
        tempdir = os.path.join(tempfile.gettempdir(),
        user = pwd.getpwuid(os.getuid())[0]
        filename = os.path.join(tempdir, user + "-*")
        maybes = glob.glob(filename)
        if not maybes:
            return None
        s = socket.socket(socket.AF_UNIX, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
        for fn in maybes:
            # need to PING each one until we find one that's live
            except socket.error:
                # no good; attempt to clean it out, but don't fail:
                except IOError:
                return s

    def _remote(self, action):
        s = self._find_grail_rc()
        if not s:
            return 0
        return 1

    def open(self, url, new=0, autoraise=1):
        if new:
            self._remote("LOADNEW " + url)
            self._remote("LOAD " + url)

    def open_new(self, url):
        self.open(url, 1)

class WindowsDefault:
    def open(self, url, new=0, autoraise=1):

    def open_new(self, url):

# Platform support for Unix

# This is the right test because all these Unix browsers require either
# a console terminal of an X display to run.  Note that we cannot split
# the TERM and DISPLAY cases, because we might be running Python from inside
# an xterm.
if os.environ.get("TERM") or os.environ.get("DISPLAY"):
    _tryorder = ["mozilla","netscape","kfm","grail","links","lynx","w3m"]

    # Easy cases first -- register console browsers if we have them.
    if os.environ.get("TERM"):
        # The Links browser <http://artax.karlin.mff.cuni.cz/~mikulas/links/>
        if _iscommand("links"):
            register("links", None, GenericBrowser("links '%s'"))
        # The Lynx browser <http://lynx.browser.org/>
        if _iscommand("lynx"):
            register("lynx", None, GenericBrowser("lynx '%s'"))
        # The w3m browser <http://ei5nazha.yz.yamagata-u.ac.jp/~aito/w3m/eng/>
        if _iscommand("w3m"):
            register("w3m", None, GenericBrowser("w3m '%s'"))

    # X browsers have more in the way of options
    if os.environ.get("DISPLAY"):
        # First, the Netscape series
        if _iscommand("mozilla"):
            register("mozilla", None, Netscape("mozilla"))
        if _iscommand("netscape"):
            register("netscape", None, Netscape("netscape"))

        # Next, Mosaic -- old but still in use.
        if _iscommand("mosaic"):
            register("mosaic", None, GenericBrowser(
                "mosaic '%s' >/dev/null &"))

        # Konqueror/kfm, the KDE browser.
        if _iscommand("kfm") or _iscommand("konqueror"):
            register("kfm", Konqueror, Konqueror())

        # Grail, the Python browser.
        if _iscommand("grail"):
            register("grail", Grail, None)

class InternetConfig:
    def open(self, url, new=0, autoraise=1):

    def open_new(self, url):

# Platform support for Windows

if sys.platform[:3] == "win":
    _tryorder = ["netscape", "windows-default"]
    register("windows-default", WindowsDefault)

# Platform support for MacOS

    import ic
except ImportError:
    # internet-config is the only supported controller on MacOS,
    # so don't mess with the default!
    _tryorder = ["internet-config"]
    register("internet-config", InternetConfig)

# Platform support for OS/2

if sys.platform[:3] == "os2" and _iscommand("netscape.exe"):
    _tryorder = ["os2netscape"]
    register("os2netscape", None,
             GenericBrowser("start netscape.exe %s"))

# OK, now that we know what the default preference orders for each
# platform are, allow user to override them with the BROWSER variable.
if os.environ.has_key("BROWSER"):
    # It's the user's responsibility to register handlers for any unknown
    # browser referenced by this value, before calling open().
    _tryorder = os.environ["BROWSER"].split(os.pathsep)

for cmd in _tryorder:
    if not _browsers.has_key(cmd.lower()):
        if _iscommand(cmd.lower()):
            register(cmd.lower(), None, GenericBrowser(
                "%s '%%s'" % cmd.lower()))

_tryorder = filter(lambda x: _browsers.has_key(x.lower())
                   or x.find("%s") > -1, _tryorder)
# what to do if _tryorder is now empty?

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